A verb is a word that shows an action or state of being of the subject.
For example: Catch, Drop, Laugh, Run, Love, Walk, Read etc.
Verbs are mainly three types; action verbs, liking verbs, and helping verbs.
Action verbs are words that express action (give, eat, walk, etc.) or possession (have, own, etc.). Action verbs can be either transitive or intransitive.
A transitive verb is a type of verb that requires an object after it to complete its sense.
Examples: 1. She loves rainbows. 2. John reads a book. 3. He throws the ball. 4. I caught a cold.
An intransitive verb does not require an object to complete its sense.
Examples: 1. The sun shines. 2. The dog barks. 3. She sang. 4. He jumped.
A linking verb is a word that connects the subject to the noun or adjectives. Linking verbs do not express actions. The verbs to be (also known as auxiliary verbs) in all of its forms (am, are, is, was, were, etc.), to look, to become, and to seem are always linking verbs.
Example: He is a doctor. She is in love with Hari. She looks beautiful. Ravi seems happy. He becomes a prominent lawyer.
A helping verb helps the main verb in a sentence by extending the meaning of the verb. It is used before the action or liking verbs to convey additional information regarding aspects of possibility (can, could, etc.) or time (was, did, has, etc.).
There are two types of verbs that are mainly used as helping verbs in English: auxiliary and modal.
Auxiliary verbs are used in a sentence to express different tenses, aspects, moods, modalities, or voices.
The main auxiliary verbs are to be, to have, and to do. The auxiliary verbs with multiple forms are: To be: am, is, are, was, were, be, been To have: have, has, had To do: do, does, did
Example: I am going to Delhi. I am having another cup of tea. She is making dinner for the whole family. I have been running for over an hour. He was loved by all. I do not know where she has gone.
Modal verbs are a kind of helping verbs that are used to express ability, request, permission, obligation, possibility and so on. Modal verbs do not change form. They are:
can could may might will would shall should must ought to
Example: I can speak English. (The model verb "can" is used to express ability) You may go. (The model verb "may" is used to express permission) I must inform to my senior. (The model verb "must" is used to express obligation) You should stop drinking. (The model verb "should" is used to express advice)